How to Best Reward High Performers
There is some controversy in the talent management arena about how to best reward high performers. Most everyone wants to create and reward high performance, but their is not much agreement about the role that extrinsic motivators like money can play in creating a high performance culture.
Recent Rewards and Recognition Research
While the majority of our clients use pay-for-performance as a component of their total rewards and recognition philosophy to create a high performance culture and reward high performers, a recent survey by Towers Watson found that:
When we assess organizational culture, we find similar gaps.
The Role of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivators
To complicate matters, authors like Dan Pink have pushed the idea that intrinsic motivators like autonomy, mastery, and purpose drive real and lasting motivation, not extrinsic rewards like money. In a similar vein, psychologists tell us that extrinsic motivators to reward high performers only temporarily change what people do. They assert that rewards like bonuses, vacations, and other awards do not change the underlying attitudes and beliefs required for lasting and committed behavior change.
Some even postulate that financial rewards can ultimately have a negative impact on intrinsic goals like personal growth and engagement.
What Role Should Rewards Play in Your Talent Management Strategy?
So when you want to help your people perform at their peak and move the business strategy forward in a way that makes sense, what role should rewards play in your talent management strategy? How should you reward high performers?
How to Best Reward High Performers
Here’s our two cents.
Similar to basic levels of employee engagement, leadership trust, safety, ethics, character, and respect, base salaries need to be good enough that they don’t demotivate or undermine performance. But it doesn’t necessarily follow that significantly increasing a person’s base salary results in higher levels of performance.
The largest research study we could find on pay and motivation found people’s satisfaction with their salary is mostly independent of their actual salary. But as most of us know about ourselves, money can be a powerful draw to attract and retain employees.
Gallup finds that 44% of employees say they would consider taking a job with a different company for a raise of 20% or less. As you may imagine, the higher the level of employee engagement, the less likely an employee is to leave for more money. And, the higher the level of employee disengagement the more likely an employee is to leave.
In fact, disengaged employees are almost twice as likely to leave for higher pay. So it is not ALL about the money.
Our Advice on Base Salary
Make sure that you have a compensation plan that puts your base pay in a range that allows you to attract and retain the quality talent you need to execute your strategy in your unique marketplace. If you find you need to “overpay” to lure and keep talent, you are probably compensating for a larger strategic or cultural issue that should ideally be resolved with non-monetary talent management strategies.
Remember, you can buy people’s time, but not their discretionary effort, loyalty, and advocacy. If you want employees to be truly engaged, find the sweet spot of base pay that does not serve as the sole motivation for people to join or stay.
We believe that it is a leader’s job, and the purpose of an effective talent management strategy, to create the circumstances to get the most out of their people. And we know that rewards and recognition play a major role in shaping a work environment. Like most talent management challenges, tying rewards to performance or performance reviews has both pros and cons.
Most of the pros relate to being able to better attract and reward those who deserve it while most cons relate to subjectivity, politics at work, and muddying the waters with respect to career development and performance management.
Our Advice on Pay for Performance
For people to strive to perform at their peak there should be, in addition to the intrinsic motivators tied to your corporate culture, a commensurate level of rewards and recognition tied to their higher performance in a way that aligns with the overall company strategy.
To get it right, make sure that your rewards and recognition create desire and motivation to perform by providing positive feedback for desired behaviors, delivering meaningful and proportional rewards for higher performance, distributing the greatest share of the rewards to the highest performers, ensuring the rewards are timely, fair, proportionate, and consistent, and having the rewards based upon a clear performance cause and effect.
To add more intrinsic motivation into your culture, make sure that any intrinsic motivators are meaningful, emotionally significant, modeled by leadership, and aligned with the business strategy. Above all else, make sure your high performers can answer the question, “Why is it worth it to be here and do what it takes to perform at a high level?”
The Bottom Line
Rewarding the behaviors that are in sync with your corporate culture and business strategy can make a huge difference. Setting the right talent management strategy to attract, develop, engage and retain top talent accounts for 29% of the difference between high and low performing organizations.
Is the way you reward high performers helping to create higher levels of performance and engagement?
To learn more about creating a high performance culture, download The Steps to Create a High Performance Culture that Thrives
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